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 10 It is that dreaded time of year again, and I am not talking about ghost’s and goblin’s either. I am talking about when your outdoor gardens can fall victim to fungal disease. There are several reasons why these issues come out to play this time of year. One of the main causes is there is not enough air flowing throughout your branches and leaves in your garden. When airflow is restricted, spores can start to collect and take over your prized plant’s foliage before you know it. The fungal infections will start by spores spreading through the air, moving from plant to plant, coating the leaflets, stems, and flowers. Two of the top culprits of your garden woes this time of year are PM and bud rot. Also known as powdery mildew and botrytis/grey mold. There is also yellow leaf spot, also known as leaf Septoria. POWDERY MILDEW (PM) is that white, powdery looking, buildup on the leaf’s surface. This fungus thrives in warm, dry environments and is one of the most widespread fungal infections. Powdery mildew usually starts as small white spots on the tops of the plant leaflets, it can also be found on the stems and flowers. Younger foliage is more susceptible to PM and will yellow out and die off if not remedied in a timely manner. There are a few ways you can prevent and/or treat powdery mildew. • MILK One way is by using whole milk. It can be used at a diluted rate of 40/60 milk to water, or 50/50 depending on the infections progression. Milk does a plant good! Milk has fatty acids that act as a fungicide killing the spores and wash- ing them away when sprayed directly. Milk will also leave a coating on the leaf which helps to protect and prevent further damage and future infections. 1000 WATTS - GROWER’S CORNER OUTDOOR GARDEN WOES: TIPS FOR TREATMENT AND PREVENTION 

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